SUPPORT & EDUCATION FOR HIV, HEPATITIS & STIs

inforesourcesInformation & Resources

Preventing Hepatitis

The word ‘hepatitis’ basically refers to inflammation of the liver while the reasons for the inflammation may vary from viruses such as Hepatitis A, B or C or even as a result of alcohol consumption or taking medications that negatively impact the liver. A person can acquire more than one hepatitis virus at a time, take a look at the chart below that explains the basic differences.

Hepatitis ABC’s

 

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis B

Hep C

Transmission
How the virus passes from one person to another

Fecal-oral route

Blood and body fluids (similar to HIV)

Blood-to-blood contact only; fluids that contain blood

Progression of the disease

Infection usually clears on its own.

Mild illness possibly including fatigue, fever and jaundice

85% can clear the virus without treatment.

Chronic infection can lead to liver damage, cirrhosis and cancer

20% clear the virus without treatment.

Chronic infection can lead to liver damage, cirrhosis and cancer

Treatment

None

Antiviral medications with varying success

Antiviral medications with varying success

Vaccine

Yes

Yes

No

 

symbol online

http://www.catie.ca/en/hepatitis-c/key-messages/abcs
Hep ABC’s


 

symbol downloadable

http://www.catie.ca/en/practical-guides/hepc-in-depth
Hepatitis C: An In-depth Guide, CATIE, 2013

http://www.catie.ca/sites/default/files/HepB-Brochure.pdf
Hepatitis B: Get the Facts, CATIE

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